In total, there are three types of genetic ichthyosis conditions, congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma, harlequin ichthyosis, and of course Lamellar ichthyosis. Its symptoms are regarded to be clinical spectrum due to their close similarities.
As a skin condition, Lamellar ichthyosis occurs on a genetic level as a baby develops in the womb. During growth, the baby’s skin cells develop normally. Unfortunately though, the cells themselves fail to split normally on the surface level. On top of that, brownish colored scales form due to the slow shedding of the skin.
Determining the Signs and Symptoms of Lamellar Ichthyosis
Often times, a baby’s birth involving Lamellar ichthyosis is known as a collodion baby. This is due to the collodion membrane that covers the body making it appear as though they are wrapped up in plastic. Skin color can vary between red and dark and skin tightness can occur, which can create splitting. A baby’s skin can be so tight that their lips have the tendency to become inside out. The baby’s hands can also become so tight that extension is nearly impossible.
A newborn’s body experiencing Lamellar ichthyosis could also have difficulty with temperature regulation and dehydration. Plus, they become more susceptible to infections of the skin. This susceptibility occurs because of the slow shedding process of the collodion, which the baby is left with scaly skin that can create a deep space between them.
Another symptom often seen involves the inability to shut the eyes due to the amount of skin tightness. This tightness is what causes the eyelids to turn inside out and create an irritating feeling and dryness within the baby’s eye. A lot of healthcare professionals suggest that baby’s with Lamellar ichthyosis have corrective surgery in order to eliminate possible issues with vision and eyeball itself. Lamellar ichthyosis could cause an individual to develop hair loss because of thick scalp scales and thick skin covering the feet and hands.